Machine Guns & Automatic Firearms in Arizona

Arizona includes machine guns in the definition of “prohibited weapon,” and prohibits anyone from knowingly manufacturing, possessing, transporting, selling, or transferring a prohibited weapon. However, this rule does not apply if the machine gun is possessed, manufactured, or transferred in compliance with federal law.1 Federal law prohibits the possession of newly manufactured machine guns, but generally allows machine guns to be registered so long as they were manufactured prior to May...

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Prohibited Purchasers Generally in Oregon

Federal law prohibits certain persons from purchasing or possessing firearms, such as felons, certain domestic abusers, and certain people with a history of mental illness.

Oregon prohibits the possession of a firearm by any person who:

  • Is under age 18;
  • While a minor, was found to be within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court for having committed an act which, if committed by an adult, would constitute a felony or a “misdemeanor involving violence̶...

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Licensing of Gun Owners & Purchasers in Massachusetts

See our Licensing of Gun Owners or Purchasers policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

A 2014 law made changes to the state’s licensing of gun owners. After the licensing provisions of the law become effective on January 1, 2015, Massachusetts will have three types of licenses for gun purchasers and owners: the Firearm Identification Card (“FID”), the license to carry, and a permit to purchase, rent or lease.1 Each entitles the holder t...

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Giffords Law Center Asks Internet Service Providers to Immediately Shut Down Websites for Businesses that Allow Dangerous Individuals to Make Untraceable Assault Weapons with No Background Checks

Following a mass shooting that left six dead in Tehama County, California, carried out by a shooter prohibited from owning guns and charged with multiple crimes who made two assault weapons with parts ordered online, Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence asked two Internet Service Providers to take down websites for businesses that allow dangerous persons to avoid background checks and make their own assault weapons.  These do-it-yourself guns are known as “ghost guns” beca...

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Glass v. Paxton: Supporting Texas Professors’ Freedom to Prohibit Guns in Their Classrooms

Case InformationGlass et al. v. Paxton et al., No. 17-50641 (5th Circuit brief filed Nov. 20, 2017).

At Issue: In 2016, responding to a newly enacted Texas statute, the University of Texas prohibited its faculty from excluding concealed handguns from their classes and from discouraging students from bringing guns to class. The university’s new policy is overwhelmingly opposed by professors nationwide, who understand that the presenc...

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State Legislative Toolkit: Addressing Bump Stocks

Bump stocks and other similar devices are marketed to shooters seeking to convert their weapon to simulate the rapid, continuous fire of an automatic firearm while using a semi-automatic gun. In October 2017, a gunman in Las Vegas used multiple bump stock devices to convert semi-automatic rifles into weapons that fired 9 shots per second. He used those weapons to carry out the deadliest mass shooting attack in modern history. These devices are currently legal in m...

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Non-Powder Guns in North Dakota

North Dakota defines “dangerous weapon,” to include “any weapon that will expel, or is readily capable of expelling, a projectile by the action of a spring, compressed air, or compressed gas including any such weapon, loaded or unloaded, commonly referred to as a BB gun, air rifle, or CO[2] gun.1 Thus, except where otherwise specified, any law in the Criminal or Weapons sections of the North Dakota Century Code that refers to dangerous weapons is applicable to non-powder guns.


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Machine Guns & Automatic Firearms in North Dakota

North Dakota prohibits anyone from purchasing, selling, having, or possessing a machine gun or fully automatic rifle unless that person has complied with the National Firearms Act, which only requires that the firearms be registered.1 In 2015, North Dakota enacted a law that will require local law enforcement to approve the registration of a machine gun if the person meets minimal requirements.2

See our Machine Guns policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

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Local Authority to Regulate Firearms in Virginia

Virginia Code Annotated § 15.2-1200 states that “[a]ny county may adopt such measures as it deems expedient to secure and promote the health, safety and general welfare of its inhabitants which are not inconsistent with the general laws of the Commonwealth.” Section 15.2-1102 makes a comparable grant of general police powers to cities and towns.

Virginia has enacted a preemption statute that was significantly amended in 2004. Section 15.2-915 provides:

A. No locality shall ad...

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